There are 113 known cannabinoids in cannabis. I wrote an article recently on 5 of those cannabinoids: THC, CBD, CBG, CBC and CBDV. I suggest reading that article < https://www.theweedtube.com/blog/cannaboids-101 > prior to this one as I explain what cannabinoids are and the types of cannabinoid receptors.
This article will cover 5 more cannabinoids including THCA, THCVA, CBGA, CBCA and CBDA.
Let's start with THCA, or tetrahydrocannabinolic acid. THCA is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in both raw and live cannabis. However, THCA converts to THC as the plant dries or when it's smoked. So basically the pre-decarboxylated flower's THCA content is equivalent to the THC in decarboxylated flower, as it converts itself when introduced to heat. THCA is most abundant in live, freshly harvested cannabis, so juicing the plant is an option if you are looking to ingest more THCA.
THCA is believed to have anti-inflammatory properties, neuroprotective properties, anti-emetic properties and anti-proliferative properties. These benefits can be used in treatment of arthritis, neurodegenerative diseases, nausea, appetite loss and prostate cancer.
The second cannabinoid is THCVA, or tetrahydrocannabivarinic acid. THCVA is another non-psychoactive cannabinoid. THCVA converts to THCV through decarboxylation, similar to THCA. Raw cannabis has higher levels of THCVA, so juicing the plant may bring more of the cannabinoid's benefits.
Currently there isn't much research on THCVA but it is believed to have appetite suppressing properties. A study in August 2011, suggested that THCVA may have anti-inflamatory and anti-cancer properties.
Next is CBGA, or cannabigerolic acid. CBGA is an important building block when forming certain cannabinoids like THCA, CBDA, CBCA and CBG. Scientists have been attempting to use CBGA to produce THCA through their own methods rather than harvesting from the cannabis plant. Raw hemp has the highest quantity of CBGA so consuming raw hemp will supply you with higher levels of the cannabinoid.
A few studies suggest CBGA can help inflammatory bowl disease, metabolic disorders, colon cancer and neuroinflammation. Neuroinflammation happens in many disorders like schizophrenia, autism spectrum disorder, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis. So CBGA may help these ailments.
CBCA, or cannabichromenate is another building block cannabinoid. It doesn't have any psychoactive properties. CBCA is a parent cannabinoid, producing CBC, CBL and CBLA when the plant is heated or aged causing decarboxylation. CBCA is thought to have anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory properties.
Last on the list is CBDA, or cannabidiolic acid. CBDA is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid with higher concentration in live or raw hemp and in plants with higher CBD levels. CBDA converts to CBD through decarboxylation. Just like some other cannabinoids on this list, CBDA is best consumed by juicing the plant.
CBDA is believed to have anti-convulsion, anti-nausea and vomiting, analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. CBDA is considered to be an essential component in the medicinal spectrum of cannabis. A few studies suggest it may have anti-cancer properties and may be useful in the treatment of breast cancer.
We have now covered 10 different cannabinoids in cannabis, with still 103 left to go! So stay tuned for more articles on different cannabinoids and their properties!